[TTI] NDR 63Day QQQQQEW ROC% SpreadWelcome to the NDR 63Day QQQQQEW ROC% Spread script! This script is a powerful tool that calculates and visualizes the 63day Rate of Change (ROC%) spread between the QQQ and QQEW tickers. This script is based on the research conducted by Ned Davis Research (NDR), a renowned name in the field of investment strategy.
⚙️ Key Features:
👉Rate of Change Calculation: The script calculates the 63day Rate of Change (ROC%) for both QQQ and QQEW tickers. The ROC% is a momentum oscillator that measures the percentage price change over a given time period.
👉Spread Calculation: The script calculates the spread between the ROC% of QQQ and QQEW. This spread can be used to identify potential trading opportunities.
👉Visual Representation: The script plots the spread on the chart, providing a visual representation of the ROC% spread. This can help traders to easily identify trends and patterns.
👉Warning Lines: The script includes warning lines at +600 and 600 levels. These lines can be used as potential thresholds for trading decisions.
Usage:
To use this script, simply add it to your TradingView chart. The script will automatically calculate the ROC% for QQQ and QQEW and plot the spread on the chart. You can use this information to inform your trading decisions.
🚨 Disclaimer:
This script is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended as investment advice. Trading involves risk and is not suitable for all investors. Please consult with a financial advisor before making any investment decisions.
🎖️ Credits:
This script is based on the research conducted by Ned Davis Research (NDR). All credit for the underlying methodology and concept goes to NDR.
Değişim Yüzdesi (ROC)
Trend Reversal DetectionIntroducing the "Trend Reversal Detection" indicator, a sophisticated and userfriendly script that utilizes the PeacefulIndicators library to identify potential trend reversals in the market. This indicator is designed to help you stay ahead of market changes and enhance your trading analysis.
The Trend Reversal Detection indicator offers the following features:
Customizable input parameters, allowing you to adjust the Rate of Change (ROC) length, Moving Average (MA) length, and MA type (SMA, EMA, or WMA) according to your trading preferences and style.
A visually intuitive display, using orange and blue markers to indicate potential trend reversals, making it easy to interpret the indicator's signals.
The core functionality of the Trend Reversal Detection indicator is powered by the trendReversalDetection function from the PeacefulIndicators library, ensuring accurate and reliable reversal detection.
To start using the Trend Reversal Detection indicator in your trading analysis, simply add the script to your chart and customize the input parameters as needed. We hope this script, built upon the PeacefulIndicators library, proves to be a valuable addition to your trading strategy.
RSIROC Momentum AlertThis is the RSIROC Momentum Alert trading indicator, designed to help traders identify potential buy and sell signals based on the momentum of price movements.
The indicator is based on two technical indicators: the Rate of Change (ROC) and the Relative Strength Index (RSI). The ROC measures the speed of price changes over a given period, while the RSI measures the strength of price movements. By combining these two indicators, this trading indicator aims to provide a comprehensive view of the market momentum.
An RSI below its oversold level, which shows as a green background, in addition to a ROC crossing above its moving average (turns green) signals a buying opportunity.
An RSI above its overbought level, which shows as a red background, in addition to a ROC crossing below its moving average (turns red) signals a selling opportunity.
Traders can use this indicator to identify potential momentum shifts and adjust their trading strategies accordingly.
The ROC component of the indicator uses a userdefined length parameter to calculate the ROC and a simple moving average (SMA) of the ROC. The color of the ROC line changes to green when it is above the ROC SMA and to red when it is below the ROC SMA. The ROC SMA color changes whether it's above or below a value of 0.
The RSI component of the indicator uses a userdefined length parameter to calculate the RSI, and userdefined RSI Low and RSI High values to identify potential buy and sell signals. When the RSI falls below the RSI Low value, a green background color is applied to the chart to indicate a potential buy signal. Conversely, when the RSI rises above the RSI High value, a red background color is applied to the chart to indicate a potential sell signal.
This indicator is intended to be used on any time frame and any asset, and can be customized at will.
Bar Color Long / Short Indicator With Advised SLOverview
This script is a trading indicator named "Bar Color Long / Short Indicator With Advised SL" designed for the TradingView platform. The indicator's primary purpose is to provide entry signals for long and short positions, based on various technical analysis methods. Additionally, the indicator suggests stoploss levels for both long and short positions.
User Inputs
The indicator has several user inputs, such as:
Length
Smoothing
Multiplier
Show bar colors (ON/OFF)
When the bar colors are turned off, the alert signals for long and short positions will be displayed instead.
Custom Risk Calculation
The script calculates a custom risk level based on a modified version of the RSI (Relative Strength Index) formula. The custom risk level is divided into three categories: low, medium, and high.
Sentiment Score Calculation
The indicator calculates a sentiment score based on a combination of methods resembling EMA (Exponential Moving Average), MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence), and ROC (Rate of Change). The sentiment score is used to determine if the sentiment is positive or negative.
Bollinger Bands Percent and Combined Signal
The Bollinger Bands Percent is calculated, and the custom risk, sentiment score, and Bollinger Bands Percent are combined to generate a new signal. This signal is used in conjunction with EMA10 to determine the bar colors and provide entry signals.
Bar Colors
Based on the combined signal and EMA10, the script determines the bar colors as follows:
Orange: Positive sentiment
Blue: Negative sentiment
Gray: Neutral
Entry Signals and Alerts
When the bar colors are turned off, the indicator displays large green arrow signals for long (buy) positions and red arrow signals for short (sell) positions based on the sentiment and EMA10 conditions. The script also includes alert conditions for long and short signals, which can be used to set up notifications when these signals are triggered in the TradingView platform.
Advised StopLoss Levels
The indicator plots stoploss lines for both long and short positions at the last candle, accompanied by labels showing the advised stoploss levels in numeric values.
Rate Of Change [Hyperbolic]Rate Of Change just got fixed!
Do note that you have to activate the "exotic calculations" inside the ROCH settings.
A hyperbolic curve now transforms price. No more infinities on your indicators!
You may use the "exotic" function, that is embedded in my script in your own scripts.
This formula basically transforms the input (which may be zero or negative) into a strictly positive one.
While the mathematicians out there would opt for alternative formulae (like the exponential for negative numbers), I used the hyperbolic curve for continuity purposes. Feel free to build upon my calculations, and make them even better!
Tread lightly, for this is hallowed ground.
Father Grigori
P.S. I cannot lock the source code. Science and knowledge belongs to humanity. Knowledge must not be up for sale.
Know Sure Thing + RibbonFrom now on this will be the main indicator I will be using.
The mathematical foundation of KST is elegant and trustworthy. I took the time to share this beautiful (in my opinion) indicator, because you will probably be seeing it in my future ideas.
I am not a trader, this indicator was made to analyze mainly longterm charts, and trendcontinuation/change analysis.
The purpose of this indicator is not to give entry/exit points. However, the 9period EMA (tightest EMA) can serve as an alternative to the classic "9period MA signal line".
Tread lightly, for this is hallowed ground.
Father Grigori
Cryptos Pump Hunter[liwei666]🔥 Cryptos Pump Hunter captured high volatility symbols in realtime, Up to 40 symbols can be monitored at same time.
Help you find the most profitable symbol with excellent visualization.
🔥 Indicator Design logic
🎯 The core pump/dump logic is quite simple
1. calc past bars highest and lowest High price, get movement by this formula
" movement = (highest  lowest) / lowest * 100 "
2. order by 'movement' value descending, you will get a volatility List
3. use Table tool display List, The higher the 'movement', the higher the ranking.
🔥 Settings
🎯 2 input properties impact on the results, 2 input impact on display effects, others look picture below.
pump_bars_cnt : lookback bar to calc pump/dump
resolution for pump : 1min to 1D
show_top1 : when ranking list top1 change, will draw a label
show pump : when symbol over threhold, draw a pump lable
🔥 How TO USE
🎯 only trade high volatility symbols
1. focus on top1 symbol on Table panel at topright postion, trading symbols at label in chart.
2. Short when 'postion' ~ 0, Long when 'postion' ~ 1 on Table Cell
🎯 Monitor the symbols you like
1. 100+ symbols added in script, cancel remarks in code line if symbol is your want
2. add 1 line code if symbol not exist. if you want monitor 'ETHUSDTPERP ', then add
" ETHUSDTPERP = create_symbol_obj('BINANCE:ETHUSDTPERP'), array.unshift(symbol_a, ETHUSDTPERP ) "
🎯 Alert will be add soon, any questions or suggestion please comment below, I would appreciate it greatly.
Hope this indicator will be useful for you :)
enjoy! 🚀🚀🚀
Relative Performance Dashboard v. 2This is a smaller and cleaner version of my previous Relative Performance table. It looks at the rate of change over 1M, 3M, 6M, 1YR & YTD and displays those for the current chart's ticker vs. an index/ticker of your choosing (SPX is default). I also have some fields for the ADR of the displayed chart, how far away the displayed chart is from 52week highs, and a single number that compares the average relative strength of the displayed chart vs. the index. The way this average calculates is customizable by the user.
I like using this table next to an Earnings/Sales/Volume table that already exists by another user in the same pane and I designed this one so it can look just like that one to give a great view of the both fundamental and technical strength of your ticker in the same pane.
Keeping fundamental data independent from performance data allows you to still be able to see performance on things without fundamental data (i.e. ETFs, Indices, Crypto, etc.) as any script that uses fundamental data will not display when a chart that does not have fundamental data is displayed.
ROC (Rate of Change) Refurbished▮ Introduction
The Rate of Change indicator (ROC) is a momentum oscillator.
It was first introduced in the early 1970s by the American technical analyst Welles Wilder.
It calculates the percentage change in price between periods.
ROC takes the current price and compares it to a price 'n' periods (user defined) ago.
The calculated value is then plotted and fluctuates above and below a Zero Line.
A technical analyst may use ROC for:
 trend identification;
 identifying overbought and oversold conditions.
Even though ROC is an oscillator, it is not bounded to a set range.
The reason for this is that there is no limit to how far a security can advance in price but of course there is a limit to how far it can decline.
If price goes to $0, then it obviously will not decline any further.
Because of this, ROC can sometimes appear to be unbalanced.
(TradingView)
▮ Improvements
The following features were added:
1. Eight moving averages for the indicator;
2. Dynamic Zones;
3. Rules for coloring bars/candles.
▮ Motivation
Averages have been added to improve trend identification.
For finer tuning, you can choose the type of averages.
You can hide them if you don't need them.
The Dynamic Zones has been added to make it easier to identify overbought/oversold regions.
Unlike other oscillators like the RSI for example, the ROC does not have a predetermined range of oscillations.
Therefore, a fixed line that defines an overbought/oversold range becomes unfeasible.
It is in this matter that the Dynamic Zone helps.
It dynamically adjusts as the indicator oscillates.
▮ About Dynamic Zones
'Most indicators use a fixed zone for buy and sell signals.
Here's a concept based on zones that are responsive to the past levels of the indicator.'
The concept of Dynamic Zones was described by Leo Zamansky (Ph.D.) and David Stendahl, in the magazine of Stocks & Commodities V15:7 (306310).
Basically, a statistical calculation is made to define the extreme levels, delimiting a possible overbought/oversold region.
Given userdefined probabilities, the percentile is calculated using the method of Nearest Rank.
It is calculated by taking the difference between the data point and the number of data points below it, then dividing by the total number of data points in the set.
The result is expressed as a percentage.
This provides a measure of how a particular value compares to other values in a data set, identifying outliers or values that are significantly higher or lower than the rest of the data.
▮ Thanks and Credits
 TradingView: for ROC and Moving Averages
 allanster: for Dynamic Zones
MATHR3E RAMPMA█ OVERVIEW
MATHR3E RAMPMA (RMA) is a trend following indicator.
█ CONCEPTS
Disclaimer:
MATHR3E RAMPMA indicator is intended for advanced traders and may fit your profile, whether you are a day trader or a longterm investor.
It was originally developed by a renowned market analyst and documented in numerous books. Among them is the author Jason Perl.
It is recommended to have read the trading techniques mentioned in the books covering this indicator beforehand.
How to use:
MATHR3E RAMPMA is useful for determining if a market is trending and when so, to procure entry points to initiate a trade in line with the expected directional move.
It can be applied to markets as a stoploss, as well as a lowrisk entry qualifier in conjunction with other indicators of the same author.
Moving Average (RMA I):
Only displayed when market is trending
• Bull trend: Green (moving avg Lows/Period)
• Bear trend: Red (moving avg Highs/Period)
Moving Average (RMA II):
Always displayed
• Bullish outlook on the market: the 3day moving average must be positioned above the 34day moving average
• Bearish outlook on the market: the 3day moving average must be positioned below the 34day moving average
█ FEATURES & BENEFITS
Versatile:
This indicator is based on relative price action, so you can apply it to any market or time frame without having to change the default settings.
Rate of Change:
The ROC is calculated for the fast and slow periods of the RMA (II).
RMA (II) is colored blue when its rate of change is advancing and maroon when it is declining.
Breakout Qualifier:
A close above/below the moving average RMA (I) that is confirmed by the following price bar's opening price
Materialized on chart with Flags:
• Green when bear trend ends
• Red when bull trend ends
Alerts
Get notified on:
• UpTrend breakout
• DnTrend breakout
• Any breakout Signal
BTC Pair Change %This script makes it easier to quickly check how the BTC pair of the current symbol is performing on any pair.
It adds a " change percentage widge t" (of the BTC pair ) to the top right of the chart.
(Refer to the image for an example.)
The change percentage calculation is performed as described here:
www.tradingview.com
To match the "Chg%" that appears on TradingView watchlists, a 24H (1440min) timeframe is used, as described here:
money.stackexchange.com
In short, this script:
Searches for the BTC pair of the current symbol
Calculates the change % using the above described logic (links)
Adds a " change percentage widget " (of the BTC pair) to the top right of the chart
Allows for using 24H timeframe or the current timeframe (enable " Use current timeframe " under the script options)
Rate of Change Candle Standardized (ROCCS)ROCCS is a standardized rate of change oscillator with "error bars". Rate of change helps traders gauge momentum in a market by comparing the current price with the price "n" periods ago. What makes this special is you get to see the momentum of the momentum via the candle view. The candle transformation utilizes a moving average to smooth the signal however this is only used for the close price. The high and low prices are not smoothed. The moving average has an adjustable period, and so does the standardization.
I hope you can find great use in this upgraded roc indicator.
Adaptive Fisherized ROCIntroduction
Hello community, here I applied the Inverse Fisher Transform, Ehlers dominant cycle determination and smoothing methods on a simple Rate of Change (ROC) indicator
You have a lot of options to adjust the indicator.
Usage
The rate of change is most often used to measure the change in a security's price over time.
That's why it is a momentum indicator.
When it is positive, prices are accelerating upward; when negative, downward.
It is useable on every timeframe and could be a potential filter for you your trading system.
IMO it could help you to confirm entries or find exits (e.g. you have a long open, roc goes negative, you exit).
If you use a trendfollowing strategy, you could maybe look out for red zones in an in uptrend or green zones in a downtrend to confirm your entry on a pullback.
Signals
ROC above 0 => confirms bullish trend
ROC below 0 => confirms bearish trend
ROC hovers near 0 => price is consolidating
Enjoy! 🚀
[ChasinAlts] The Great Reset Hello fellow tradeurs, "The Great Reset" just tracks the % change of a coin. For whichever reset hour is chosen,
once the reset time is reached the % changes of all the coins reset to 0. This is great to find which coins have
been moving the most and to be able to see how all of them are moving compared to the rest. Once the reset interval
is up and the % change resets to 0, you can see the "*" at the end of the plots and if you hover over it the coin's
name is shown in a tooltip. Lastly, if a threshold of 5 is selected and alerts are also used then it will alert you at that % change
level as well as threshold*2 and threshold*3 so you can be notified if a coin is going on a tear and pumping through those % change
levels (the threshold, threshold*2, and threshold*3 levels are also printed as Hlines on the chart)
There is also the Printed Bar Filter to only show the coins that have been moving the most according to the values set in the filter
(if you choose to use/select to use the filter). This is the same filter on many of my other scripts so as not to
clutter up the chart with coins that have not been moving much. Hope it comes of some use to anyone.
Peace and love people...peace and love. ChasinAlts
Performance Tablethis scrip is modified of Performance Table () of TradingView user @BeeHolder = Thank u very much.

@BeeHolder formula is based on daily basis,
but my calculation is based on respective day, week and month.

The formula of the calculation is (Current Close  Previous Close) * 100 / Previous Close, where Past value is:
1D = close 1 day before
5D = close 5 day before
1W  close 1 week before
4W = close 4 week before
1M  close 1 month before
3M  close 3 month before
6M  close 6 month before
12M  close 12 month before
52W  close 52 week before
Also table position cane be set.
thank you all

CryptoDX Crypto Directional Index [chhslai]CryptoDX can be used to help measure the overall strength and direction of the crypto market trend.
Furthermore, it can be used as a screener to find out cryptocurrencies which are accumulating momentum and tends to potentially pump or dump.
How this indicator works :
If the CryptoDX cross above the zerolevel, it could be an indication that there is a trend reversal into upward. You should close your short position or place a long order right away.
If the CryptoDX cross below the zerolevel, it could be an indication that there is a trend reversal into downward. You should close your long position or place a short order right away.
If the CryptoDX is consolidated around the zerolevel, it could be an indication that the trend may be ended and followed by a sideway market. You are suggested not to place any order and wait for the market moves.
Divergence based trading strategy is fully applicable, just like the MACD.
Screener features :
Plot "Crypto Index" and "5 Custom Crypto"
Plot "Crypto Index" and "Top 30 Crypto"
Clutter Fitler [Loxx]Clutter Fitler is a simple indicator to demonstrate a clutter filter. The purpose of this technique is to filter useless noise.
What is a Clutter Filter?
For our purposes here, this is a filter that compares the slope of the trading filter output to a threshold to determine whether to shift trends. If the slope is up but the slope doesn't exceed the threshold, then the color is gray and this indicates a chop zone. If the slope is down but the slope doesn't exceed the threshold, then the color is gray and this indicates a chop zone. Alternatively if either up or down slope exceeds the threshold then the trend turns green for up and red for down. Fro demonstration purposes, an EMA is used as the moving average. This filtering technique will be used for future indicators.
Included
Bar coloring
HMA Slope Variation [Loxx]HMA Slope Variation is an indicator that uses HMA moving average to calculate a slope that is then weighted to derive a signal.
The center line
The center line changes color depending on the value of the:
Slope
Signal line
Threshold
If the value is above a signal line (it is not visible on the chart) and the threshold is greater than the required, then the main trend becomes up. And reversed for the trend down.
Colors and style of the histogram
The colors and style of the histogram will be drawn if the value is at the right side, if the above described trend "agrees" with the value (above is green or below zero is red) and if the High is higher than the previous High or Low is lower than the previous low, then the according type of histogram is drawn.
What is the Hull Moving Average?
The Hull Moving Average ( HMA ) attempts to minimize the lag of a traditional moving average while retaining the smoothness of the moving average line. Developed by Alan Hull in 2005, this indicator makes use of weighted moving averages to prioritize more recent values and greatly reduce lag.
Included
Alets
Signals
Bar coloring
Loxx's Expanded Source Types
T3 Slope Variation [Loxx]T3 Slope Variation is an indicator that uses T3 moving average to calculate a slope that is then weighted to derive a signal.
The center line
The center line changes color depending on the value of the:
Slope
Signal line
Threshold
If the value is above a signal line (it is not visible on the chart) and the threshold is greater than the required, then the main trend becomes up. And reversed for the trend down.
Colors and style of the histogram
The colors and style of the histogram will be drawn if the value is at the right side, if the above described trend "agrees" with the value (above is green or below zero is red) and if the High is higher than the previous High or Low is lower than the previous low, then the according type of histogram is drawn.
What is the T3 moving average?
Better Moving Averages Tim Tillson
November 1, 1998
Tim Tillson is a software project manager at HewlettPackard, with degrees in Mathematics and Computer Science. He has privately traded options and equities for 15 years.
Introduction
"Digital filtering includes the process of smoothing, predicting, differentiating, integrating, separation of signals, and removal of noise from a signal. Thus many people who do such things are actually using digital filters without realizing that they are; being unacquainted with the theory, they neither understand what they have done nor the possibilities of what they might have done."
This quote from R. W. Hamming applies to the vast majority of indicators in technical analysis . Moving averages, be they simple, weighted, or exponential, are lowpass filters; low frequency components in the signal pass through with little attenuation, while high frequencies are severely reduced.
"Oscillator" type indicators (such as MACD , Momentum, Relative Strength Index ) are another type of digital filter called a differentiator.
Tushar Chande has observed that many popular oscillators are highly correlated, which is sensible because they are trying to measure the rate of change of the underlying time series, i.e., are trying to be the first and second derivatives we all learned about in Calculus.
We use moving averages (lowpass filters) in technical analysis to remove the random noise from a time series, to discern the underlying trend or to determine prices at which we will take action. A perfect moving average would have two attributes:
It would be smooth, not sensitive to random noise in the underlying time series. Another way of saying this is that its derivative would not spuriously alternate between positive and negative values.
It would not lag behind the time series it is computed from. Lag, of course, produces late buy or sell signals that kill profits.
The only way one can compute a perfect moving average is to have knowledge of the future, and if we had that, we would buy one lottery ticket a week rather than trade!
Having said this, we can still improve on the conventional simple, weighted, or exponential moving averages. Here's how:
Two Interesting Moving Averages
We will examine two benchmark moving averages based on Linear Regression analysis.
In both cases, a Linear Regression line of length n is fitted to price data.
I call the first moving average ILRS, which stands for Integral of Linear Regression Slope. One simply integrates the slope of a linear regression line as it is successively fitted in a moving window of length n across the data, with the constant of integration being a simple moving average of the first n points. Put another way, the derivative of ILRS is the linear regression slope. Note that ILRS is not the same as a SMA ( simple moving average ) of length n, which is actually the midpoint of the linear regression line as it moves across the data.
We can measure the lag of moving averages with respect to a linear trend by computing how they behave when the input is a line with unit slope. Both SMA (n) and ILRS(n) have lag of n/2, but ILRS is much smoother than SMA .
Our second benchmark moving average is well known, called EPMA or End Point Moving Average. It is the endpoint of the linear regression line of length n as it is fitted across the data. EPMA hugs the data more closely than a simple or exponential moving average of the same length. The price we pay for this is that it is much noisier (less smooth) than ILRS, and it also has the annoying property that it overshoots the data when linear trends are present.
However, EPMA has a lag of 0 with respect to linear input! This makes sense because a linear regression line will fit linear input perfectly, and the endpoint of the LR line will be on the input line.
These two moving averages frame the tradeoffs that we are facing. On one extreme we have ILRS, which is very smooth and has considerable phase lag. EPMA has 0 phase lag, but is too noisy and overshoots. We would like to construct a better moving average which is as smooth as ILRS, but runs closer to where EPMA lies, without the overshoot.
A easy way to attempt this is to split the difference, i.e. use (ILRS(n)+EPMA(n))/2. This will give us a moving average (call it IE /2) which runs in between the two, has phase lag of n/4 but still inherits considerable noise from EPMA. IE /2 is inspirational, however. Can we build something that is comparable, but smoother? Figure 1 shows ILRS, EPMA, and IE /2.
Filter Techniques
Any thoughtful student of filter theory (or resolute experimenter) will have noticed that you can improve the smoothness of a filter by running it through itself multiple times, at the cost of increasing phase lag.
There is a complementary technique (called twicing by J.W. Tukey) which can be used to improve phase lag. If L stands for the operation of running data through a low pass filter, then twicing can be described by:
L' = L(time series) + L(time series  L(time series))
That is, we add a moving average of the difference between the input and the moving average to the moving average. This is algebraically equivalent to:
2LL(L)
This is the Double Exponential Moving Average or DEMA , popularized by Patrick Mulloy in TASAC (January/February 1994).
In our taxonomy, DEMA has some phase lag (although it exponentially approaches 0) and is somewhat noisy, comparable to IE /2 indicator.
We will use these two techniques to construct our better moving average, after we explore the first one a little more closely.
Fixing Overshoot
An nday EMA has smoothing constant alpha=2/(n+1) and a lag of (n1)/2.
Thus EMA (3) has lag 1, and EMA (11) has lag 5. Figure 2 shows that, if I am willing to incur 5 days of lag, I get a smoother moving average if I run EMA (3) through itself 5 times than if I just take EMA (11) once.
This suggests that if EPMA and DEMA have 0 or low lag, why not run fast versions (eg DEMA (3)) through themselves many times to achieve a smooth result? The problem is that multiple runs though these filters increase their tendency to overshoot the data, giving an unusable result. This is because the amplitude response of DEMA and EPMA is greater than 1 at certain frequencies, giving a gain of much greater than 1 at these frequencies when run though themselves multiple times. Figure 3 shows DEMA (7) and EPMA(7) run through themselves 3 times. DEMA^3 has serious overshoot, and EPMA^3 is terrible.
The solution to the overshoot problem is to recall what we are doing with twicing:
DEMA (n) = EMA (n) + EMA (time series  EMA (n))
The second term is adding, in effect, a smooth version of the derivative to the EMA to achieve DEMA . The derivative term determines how hot the moving average's response to linear trends will be. We need to simply turn down the volume to achieve our basic building block:
EMA (n) + EMA (time series  EMA (n))*.7;
This is algebraically the same as:
EMA (n)*1.7EMA( EMA (n))*.7;
I have chosen .7 as my volume factor, but the general formula (which I call "Generalized Dema") is:
GD (n,v) = EMA (n)*(1+v)EMA( EMA (n))*v,
Where v ranges between 0 and 1. When v=0, GD is just an EMA , and when v=1, GD is DEMA . In between, GD is a cooler DEMA . By using a value for v less than 1 (I like .7), we cure the multiple DEMA overshoot problem, at the cost of accepting some additional phase delay. Now we can run GD through itself multiple times to define a new, smoother moving average T3 that does not overshoot the data:
T3(n) = GD ( GD ( GD (n)))
In filter theory parlance, T3 is a sixpole nonlinear Kalman filter. Kalman filters are ones which use the error (in this case (time series  EMA (n)) to correct themselves. In Technical Analysis , these are called Adaptive Moving Averages; they track the time series more aggressively when it is making large moves.
Included
Alets
Signals
Bar coloring
Loxx's Expanded Source Types
Multi HMA Slopes [Loxx]Multi HMA Slopes is an indicator that checks slopes of 5 (different period) Hull Moving Averages and adds them up to show overall trend. To us this, check for color changes from red to green where there is no red if green is larger than red and there is no red when red is larger than green. When red and green both show up, its a sign of chop.
What is the Hull Moving Average?
The Hull Moving Average (HMA) attempts to minimize the lag of a traditional moving average while retaining the smoothness of the moving average line. Developed by Alan Hull in 2005, this indicator makes use of weighted moving averages to prioritize more recent values and greatly reduce lag.
Included
Signals: long, short, continuation long, continuation short.
Alerts
Bar coloring
Loxx's expanded source types
Multi T3 Slopes [Loxx]Multi T3 Slopes is an indicator that checks slopes of 5 (different period) T3 Moving Averages and adds them up to show overall trend. To us this, check for color changes from red to green where there is no red if green is larger than red and there is no red when red is larger than green. When red and green both show up, its a sign of chop.
What is the T3 moving average?
Better Moving Averages Tim Tillson
November 1, 1998
Tim Tillson is a software project manager at HewlettPackard, with degrees in Mathematics and Computer Science. He has privately traded options and equities for 15 years.
Introduction
"Digital filtering includes the process of smoothing, predicting, differentiating, integrating, separation of signals, and removal of noise from a signal. Thus many people who do such things are actually using digital filters without realizing that they are; being unacquainted with the theory, they neither understand what they have done nor the possibilities of what they might have done."
This quote from R. W. Hamming applies to the vast majority of indicators in technical analysis . Moving averages, be they simple, weighted, or exponential, are lowpass filters; low frequency components in the signal pass through with little attenuation, while high frequencies are severely reduced.
"Oscillator" type indicators (such as MACD , Momentum, Relative Strength Index ) are another type of digital filter called a differentiator.
Tushar Chande has observed that many popular oscillators are highly correlated, which is sensible because they are trying to measure the rate of change of the underlying time series, i.e., are trying to be the first and second derivatives we all learned about in Calculus.
We use moving averages (lowpass filters) in technical analysis to remove the random noise from a time series, to discern the underlying trend or to determine prices at which we will take action. A perfect moving average would have two attributes:
It would be smooth, not sensitive to random noise in the underlying time series. Another way of saying this is that its derivative would not spuriously alternate between positive and negative values.
It would not lag behind the time series it is computed from. Lag, of course, produces late buy or sell signals that kill profits.
The only way one can compute a perfect moving average is to have knowledge of the future, and if we had that, we would buy one lottery ticket a week rather than trade!
Having said this, we can still improve on the conventional simple, weighted, or exponential moving averages. Here's how:
Two Interesting Moving Averages
We will examine two benchmark moving averages based on Linear Regression analysis.
In both cases, a Linear Regression line of length n is fitted to price data.
I call the first moving average ILRS, which stands for Integral of Linear Regression Slope. One simply integrates the slope of a linear regression line as it is successively fitted in a moving window of length n across the data, with the constant of integration being a simple moving average of the first n points. Put another way, the derivative of ILRS is the linear regression slope. Note that ILRS is not the same as a SMA ( simple moving average ) of length n, which is actually the midpoint of the linear regression line as it moves across the data.
We can measure the lag of moving averages with respect to a linear trend by computing how they behave when the input is a line with unit slope. Both SMA (n) and ILRS(n) have lag of n/2, but ILRS is much smoother than SMA .
Our second benchmark moving average is well known, called EPMA or End Point Moving Average. It is the endpoint of the linear regression line of length n as it is fitted across the data. EPMA hugs the data more closely than a simple or exponential moving average of the same length. The price we pay for this is that it is much noisier (less smooth) than ILRS, and it also has the annoying property that it overshoots the data when linear trends are present.
However, EPMA has a lag of 0 with respect to linear input! This makes sense because a linear regression line will fit linear input perfectly, and the endpoint of the LR line will be on the input line.
These two moving averages frame the tradeoffs that we are facing. On one extreme we have ILRS, which is very smooth and has considerable phase lag. EPMA has 0 phase lag, but is too noisy and overshoots. We would like to construct a better moving average which is as smooth as ILRS, but runs closer to where EPMA lies, without the overshoot.
A easy way to attempt this is to split the difference, i.e. use (ILRS(n)+EPMA(n))/2. This will give us a moving average (call it IE /2) which runs in between the two, has phase lag of n/4 but still inherits considerable noise from EPMA. IE /2 is inspirational, however. Can we build something that is comparable, but smoother? Figure 1 shows ILRS, EPMA, and IE /2.
Filter Techniques
Any thoughtful student of filter theory (or resolute experimenter) will have noticed that you can improve the smoothness of a filter by running it through itself multiple times, at the cost of increasing phase lag.
There is a complementary technique (called twicing by J.W. Tukey) which can be used to improve phase lag. If L stands for the operation of running data through a low pass filter, then twicing can be described by:
L' = L(time series) + L(time series  L(time series))
That is, we add a moving average of the difference between the input and the moving average to the moving average. This is algebraically equivalent to:
2LL(L)
This is the Double Exponential Moving Average or DEMA , popularized by Patrick Mulloy in TASAC (January/February 1994).
In our taxonomy, DEMA has some phase lag (although it exponentially approaches 0) and is somewhat noisy, comparable to IE /2 indicator.
We will use these two techniques to construct our better moving average, after we explore the first one a little more closely.
Fixing Overshoot
An nday EMA has smoothing constant alpha=2/(n+1) and a lag of (n1)/2.
Thus EMA (3) has lag 1, and EMA (11) has lag 5. Figure 2 shows that, if I am willing to incur 5 days of lag, I get a smoother moving average if I run EMA (3) through itself 5 times than if I just take EMA (11) once.
This suggests that if EPMA and DEMA have 0 or low lag, why not run fast versions (eg DEMA (3)) through themselves many times to achieve a smooth result? The problem is that multiple runs though these filters increase their tendency to overshoot the data, giving an unusable result. This is because the amplitude response of DEMA and EPMA is greater than 1 at certain frequencies, giving a gain of much greater than 1 at these frequencies when run though themselves multiple times. Figure 3 shows DEMA (7) and EPMA(7) run through themselves 3 times. DEMA^3 has serious overshoot, and EPMA^3 is terrible.
The solution to the overshoot problem is to recall what we are doing with twicing:
DEMA (n) = EMA (n) + EMA (time series  EMA (n))
The second term is adding, in effect, a smooth version of the derivative to the EMA to achieve DEMA . The derivative term determines how hot the moving average's response to linear trends will be. We need to simply turn down the volume to achieve our basic building block:
EMA (n) + EMA (time series  EMA (n))*.7;
This is algebraically the same as:
EMA (n)*1.7EMA( EMA (n))*.7;
I have chosen .7 as my volume factor, but the general formula (which I call "Generalized Dema") is:
GD (n,v) = EMA (n)*(1+v)EMA( EMA (n))*v,
Where v ranges between 0 and 1. When v=0, GD is just an EMA , and when v=1, GD is DEMA . In between, GD is a cooler DEMA . By using a value for v less than 1 (I like .7), we cure the multiple DEMA overshoot problem, at the cost of accepting some additional phase delay. Now we can run GD through itself multiple times to define a new, smoother moving average T3 that does not overshoot the data:
T3(n) = GD ( GD ( GD (n)))
In filter theory parlance, T3 is a sixpole nonlinear Kalman filter. Kalman filters are ones which use the error (in this case (time series  EMA (n)) to correct themselves. In Technical Analysis , these are called Adaptive Moving Averages; they track the time series more aggressively when it is making large moves.
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